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Regal Blue Tang

Tangs

Regal or Blue Tang, Paracanthurus hepatus

The Regal Tang is known by a long list of alternate names, including the Blue Tang, Pacific Blue Tang, Palette Tang, Blue Hippo Tang, Wedgetail Blue Tang, Hepatus Tang, Blue Surgeonfish and the Yellow Tailed Blue Tang. When referred to as the Blue Tang it can be confused with the Caribbean Blue Tang (Acanthurus coeruleus), which explains why it is often referred to as the Pacific Blue Tang. The Regal Tang was popularized by the movie Finding Nemo, in which the character Dory was a Regal Tang. The name “tang” is derived from German and refers to their predisposition toward seaweed.

The Regal Tang is a member of the surgeonfish family. The surgeon name refers to two sharp spines that stick out at the caudal peduncle – the area where the tail joins the rest of the body. The spines are easily tangled in nets. Regals will use these spines to wedge themselves into coral, so don’t injure them by panicking and trying to remove them. The mouth on tangs is very small and the body is compressed laterally. The Regal's body is a beautiful blue oval with a black swirl that is reminiscent of an artist's palette. The caudal fin is yellow with a black edge along the margins.

Regals occur naturally in the western Pacific. They are common throughout the Great Barrier Reef of Autstralia. The Philippines and Indonesia are common areas to catch these fish. Regal Tangs are not a great choice for beginners, although they are one of the most popular fish for aquariums. The Regal is susceptible to parasitic diseases and also suffers if their diet is inadequate. Among the most common diseases are saltwater ich, velvet, hole in the head disease and head & lateral line erosion. A well rounded shape is an indication of a healthy Regal Tang.

Regals prefer very clear turbulent water with a high oxygen content. A protein skimmer is essential and an extra pump for circulation is recommended. A minimum tank size of 80 gallons is recommended. Several can be kept in a 100 gallon tank. Allow for hiding places, as they are accustomed to hiding among coral branches.

Regal or Blue Tang, Paracanthurus hepatus

Regals are omnivorous. They use their beak-like mouth to consume zooplankton and scrape algae in the wild. Their aquarium diet should include Mysis shrimp, dried seaweed (nori), freeze dried brine shrimp, freeze-dried plankton, flake foods, chopped capelin, chopped squid, broccoli, peas and leafy greens. Some recommend against adding vegetable matter due to the risk of changing the water quality by introducing acids, nitrates and pesticides.  Julian Sprungs Sea Veggies, Ocean Nutrition Seaweed Selects and standard spirulina flakes are all excellent choices. Most invertebrates will be ignored, but some cleaner shrimp have lost their antennae to Regals. For Regals that won’t eat, try live brine shrimp rinsed in fresh water. Feeding as continuously as you can is the best approach. Poor nutrition is a major reason for losses.

The Regal is compatible with other tangs, but males will be aggressive with other Regal males in the same tank. In the mating season, which is normally February and March, a male will mate with and control a group of females. The males are slightly larger than females. Regals are egg-scatterers, but they have not been successfully bred in captivity.

Quarantining your new Regal may not a good idea, as the stress of a further transfer is hard on them. Buy a specimen that is alert, doesn’t look thin and is over 3 inches long. If your Regal has a nutritious diet and clean, clear water, it will live for many years.

Regal or Blue Tang juvenile, Paracanthurus hepatus
juveniles

Scientific Name: Paracanthurus hepatus
Family: Acanthuridae
Care: Normal
Temperature: 22 - 26 C; 72 - 78 F
pH: 8.0 - 8.4
dH: 8 - 12
Specific Gravity: 1.020 - 1.025
Size: 31 cm; 12 inches
Breeding: Egg Layer
Life Span: 20 years
Crustacean Safe: Attacks small ones
Coral Safe: Yes
 

Compatibility:

Female regal tangs, yellow tangs, clownfish, damsels, small angels (Centropyge), cardinalfish, hawkfish